Sallinen, Aulis

(*1935)

Aulis Sallinen (born on 9 April 1935) trained first as an elementary school teacher, and then studied with Aarre Merikanto and Joonas Kokkonen at the Sibelius Academy in 1955–60. He subsequently worked as manager of the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra and as a teacher of composition at the Sibelius Academy, becoming Artist Professor in 1976.

Since the early 1970s, Sallinen’s music has been characterized by a strong sense of tonality, simple themes, clear forms and above all repetition, already manifest in the motifs themselves and their use. Repeated notes, recurring linear seconds and characteristic rhythmic motifs occupy a central position in his themes, while each motif is repeated many times before moving on to the next. The harmony is dominated by triads often filling out to create clusters. All these features have made Sallinen’s music accessible and popular. Notable examples are to be found in the Suite Grammaticale (Kieliopillinen sarja, 1971), Lauluja mereltä (Songs from the Sea, 1972) for children’s choir, and in some of his string works such as the String Quartet No. 4  ‘Quiet Songs’ of 1971 – which at times have echoes of Finnish folk music.

Other compositions of this period – such as the Chorali for wind orchestra (1970) are, in places, reminiscent of late Sibelius in their sparse severity. The classic simplicity of the 1970s gives way to a fuller, more versatile mode of expression and a more personal approach to large-scale formal shapes in the 1980s.

Fennica Gehrman has published most of Sallinen’s early works, including Aspects of Peltoniemi Hintrik’s Funeral MarchMauermusikSuite Grammaticale and Concerto for Violin and Orchestra. Latest publications include  Variations for Cello and Orchestra (1961-62) which is Sallinen’s first piece for the cello, the instrument that would later be one of his favourites, and Two Mythical Scenes Op. 1, a work completed in 1956 when Sallinen was Aarre Merikanto’s composition student.

Aspects of Peltoniemi Hintrik's Funeral March

Aspekteja Peltoniemen Hintrikin surumarssista (1969)

for string orchestra

str

Duration: 13

Chorali [SALES MATERIAL]

(1970)

for wind orchestra

4(II+picc)444(IV+cfg)-6442-03-hp-cel

Duration: 13

Concerto for Violin and Orchestra

(1968)

1(+picc)111-1110-02-hp-pf-str Perc: Tamburo militare, Gran cassa, Tamtam, Marimba, Vibrafono

Duration: 16

Four Dream Songs

Neljä laulua unesta (1972)

for soprano and orchestra

333(III+bcl)3(III=cfg)-4330-11-hp-cel-str Percussion: Vibraphone, Glockenspiel, Marimba 1. Unesta tehty mies / Man Made from Sleep 2'30 2. Kehtolaulu kuolleelle ratsumiehelle / Cradle Song for a Dead Horseman 3'00 3. On kolme unta sisäkkäin / Three Dreams, Each within Each 5'00 4. Ei mikään virta / There Is No Stream 4'30

Duration: 15

Four Dream Songs [Reduced version]

Neljä laulua unesta (1972)

for soprano and orchestra

2(II+picc)222(II+cfg)-4220-11-hp-cel-str Percussione: Glockenspiel, Marimba, Vibrafono 1. Unesta tehty mies / Man Made from Sleep 2'30 2. Kehtolaulu kuolleelle ratsumiehelle / Cradle Song for a Dead Horseman 3'00 3. On kolme unta sisäkkäin / Three Dreams, Each within Each 5'00 4. Ei mikään virta / There Is No Stream 4'30

Duration: 15

Mauermusik

(1962)

for orchestra

3(II+picc,III=afl)23(III=bcl)2(II=cfg)-3221-str

Duration: 11

Quattro per quattro [SALES MATERIAL]

(1965)

for isntrumental ensemble

oboe (or flute or clarinet), violin, violoncello, harpsichord

Duration: 17

Ratsumies

opera in three acts

3(III=picc)33(III=bcl)3(III=cfg)-4331-13-hp-cel-str Soloists: S, MS, A, T, Bar, BBar, 2B mixed ch, male ch

Duration: 120

Ratsumies [version for smaller orchestra]

opera in three acts (1974)

2(II+picc)22(II+bcl)2(II+cfg)-4221-02-hp-cel(synth)-str Soloists: S, MS, A, T, Bar, BBar, 2B mixed ch, male ch Perc I: Timpani, Tamburo militare, Tamburo piccolo, Tamburo de basque, Gran Cassa, Piatto, Tam-tam, Glockenspiel, Marimba, Vibraphone, Campane Perc II: Tamburo militare, Tamburo piccolo, Tamburo de basque, 3 Tom-toms, 3 Bongos, Gran Cassa, Piatto, Tam-tam, Glockenspiel, Marimba, Vibraphone, Campane, Guiro

Duration: 120

Suita grammaticale

(1971)

for children’s chorus and orchestra

3perc-kantele-str

Duration: 14

Two Mythical Scenes

(1956/2020)

for orchestra

2(II+picc)222-3230-12-str Percussione: Tamburo militare, Gran cassa, Marimba, Campane

Duration: 12

Variations for Cello and Orchestra Op. 5

(1961-62)

2(II+picc)12(II+bcl)1-1111-04-hp-str Percussione: Tamburo militare, Tamburo rullante, 3 Tom-toms, Gran cassa, Piatto, Tam-tam, Campanelli, Marimba, Triangolo

Duration: 18